Fermat, Pierre de

(1601-1665)
   mathematician
   Born in Beaumont-de-Lomagne, Pierre de Fermat was a magistrate who had a passion for mathematics. In his youth, with his friend blaise pascal,he made a series of investigations into the properties of figurative numbers. while studying the work of the ancient Greek mathematician Diophantus, Fermat became interested in a chapter on Pythagorean numbers—sets of three numbers for which the equation a2 + b2 = c2 is true. He wrote in the margin of the text, "I have discovered a truly remarkable proof which this margin is too small to contain." The result became known as Fermat's Last Theorem. From all his studies, Fermat derived an important method of calculating probabilities. He anticipated differential calculus with his method of finding the greatest and least ordinates of curved lines. He is also a precursor of analytical geometry (independently of rené descartes), and he is the discoverer of Fermat's Principle on the path of light, which is the basis of optical geometry.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fermat, Pierre de — ► (1601 65) Matemático francés. Descubrió la geometría analítica. Fue el iniciador de la teoría de los números y del cálculo de probabilidades. * * * (17 ago. 1601, Beaumont de Lomagne, Francia–12 ene. 1665, Castres). Matemático francés. De… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Fermat, Pierre de — born Aug. 17, 1601, Beaumont de Lomagne, France died Jan. 12, 1665, Castres French mathematician. Of Basque origin, Fermat studied law at Toulouse and developed interests in foreign languages, Classical literature, ancient science, and… …   Universalium

  • Fermat , Pierre de — (1601–1665) French mathematician and physicist Fermat was one of the leading mathematicians of the early 17th century although not a professional mathematician. Born at Beaumont de Lomagne in France, he studied law and spent his working life as a …   Scientists

  • Fermat,Pierre de — Fer·mat (fĕr mäʹ), Pierre de. 1601 1665. French mathematician who developed number theory and probability theory. * * * …   Universalium

  • FERMAT, PIERRE DE —    a French mathematician, born near Montauban; made important discoveries in the properties of numbers, and with his friend Pascal invented a calculus of probabilities; was held in high esteem by Hallam, who ranks him next to Descartes (1601… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Pierre de Fermat — Naissance Première décennie du xviie siècle Beaumont de Lomagne (France) Décès 12 janvier 1665 Castres (France) Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre de Fermat — Born August 17, 1601( …   Wikipedia

  • Fermat — Pierre de Fermat Pierre de Fermat Naissance Première décennie du XVIIesiècle Beaumont de Lomagne (France) Décès 12 janvier 1665 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre Fermat — Pierre de Fermat Pierre de Fermat Naissance Première décennie du XVIIesiècle Beaumont de Lomagne (France) Décès 12 janvier 1665 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre de fermat — Naissance Première décennie du XVIIesiècle Beaumont de Lomagne (France) Décès 12 janvier 1665 …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.